By default, SharePoint provides lots of Add-in to work with like calendars, tasks, pictures, links, announcements, contacts, discussions, issues, surveys, assets, etc. But sometimes it will come that when you need to create your own app for very specific data. To create a custom app based on a list, you use the Custom List app.
When you will create a custom app, then we need to create our own columns (also known as fields/in the library it is also known as metadata or properties of the document).
SharePoint Online tutorial contents:
Open the SharePoint Site, then Click the Settings gear icon and select Add an App.
Then Click the Custom List app on the Your Apps page like below:
Provide a name for the app in the Name text box and click on Create button.
To see the list which got created, navigate to the Site Contents page the custom list app should be presented there like below:
Now when you will open your custom app, you can see only Title column. Based on your requirement you can add additional columns.
To create a new column click on “Create Column” button which is presented in the LIST Tab under the Ribbon like below:
Or you can also go to the list settings page and then click on Create column link which is presented under the Columns section.
By default SharePoint add few columns in the backend. The columns are like: ID, Created, Created By, Modified, Modified By, Content Type, Attachment, Version etc. Just click on any view in the List Settings page you can see all the columns like below:
So if you required any other columns apart from the above then you can create new columns.
Click on Create column which will open the Create Column dialog box. Here Give a name, choose data type, description, default value etc. like below:
SharePoint provides a number of built-in column types that you can select.
Below are the column details:
|Single line of text||This type display text and numbers up to 255 characters. Example First Name, Mobile number etc.|
|Multiple lines of text||This type displays multiple lines of text like plain text, rich text as well as enhanced rich text based on the selection while creating the column.|
|Choice (menu to choose from)||This type defines lists of choices like country or categories. By default it comes in drop down list but it can also appear in radio button list.|
|Number (1, 1.0, 100)||This type support numerical values.|
|Currency ($, ¥, €)||This type support currency values.|
|Date and Time||This type support Date and Time like joining date.|
|Lookup (information already on this site)||This type show values from another list which is already presented in the site. The values usually shows in dropdown list.|
|Yes/No (check box)||This type shows Yes or Not in form of check box.|
|Person or Group||This type can display values from AD. It shows as hyper link and also it shows presence information.|
|Hyperlink or Picture||This type support hyperlink or picture.|
|Calculated (calculation based on other columns)||This type support calculation.|
|Task Outcome||The outcome of a task such as Approved, Rejected, or Pending.|
|External Data||This type supports data stored in external data sources.|
|Managed Metadata||Provides a common set of keywords and terms that can be used across the organization. Users can simply start typing, and the options will fill in based on their input. The options are pulled from the metadata managed by SharePoint.|
You may like following SharePoint tutorials:
- Term Store Management in SharePoint Online Office 365 (Step by Step Tutorial)
- What is a list and how to create a custom list in SharePoint Online/2016/2013
- Share a Site in SharePoint Online/2016/2013
- you are being redirected to the following url that was not registered as the app launch url
- Site collection vs Site in SharePoint 2013
I hope this SharePoint tutorial explains, how to work with custom apps in SharePoint Online or SharePoint 2013/2016.
Hello Everyone!! I am Bhawana a SharePoint MVP and having about 10+ years of SharePoint experience as well as in .Net technologies. I have worked in all the versions of SharePoint from wss to Office 365. I have good exposure in Customization and Migration using Nintex, Metalogix tools. Now exploring more in SharePoint 2016 🙂 Hope here I can contribute and share my knowledge to the fullest. As I believe “There is no wealth like knowledge and no poverty like ignorance”