How to Get Week Number from Date in TypeScript?

In this Typescript tutorial, I will explain to you how to get week number from date in Typescript.

A week number refers to the sequential numbering of the weeks in a year. The ISO 8601 standard is commonly used, where the first week of the year is the one that contains the first Thursday.

Get Week Number from Date in TypeScript

To get the week number from a date in Typescript, I will write a custom function that takes a Date object as input and returns the week number. Here is the complete code:

function getWeekNumber(date: Date): number {
    // Copying date so the original date won't be modified
    const tempDate = new Date(date.valueOf());

    // ISO week date weeks start on Monday, so correct the day number
    const dayNum = (date.getDay() + 6) % 7;

    // Set the target to the nearest Thursday (current date + 4 - current day number)
    tempDate.setDate(tempDate.getDate() - dayNum + 3);

    // ISO 8601 week number of the year for this date
    const firstThursday = tempDate.valueOf();

    // Set the target to the first day of the year
    // First set the target to January 1st
    tempDate.setMonth(0, 1);

    // If this is not a Thursday, set the target to the next Thursday
    if (tempDate.getDay() !== 4) {
        tempDate.setMonth(0, 1 + ((4 - tempDate.getDay()) + 7) % 7);
    }

    // The weeknumber is the number of weeks between the first Thursday of the year
    // and the Thursday in the target week
    return 1 + Math.ceil((firstThursday - tempDate.valueOf()) / 604800000); // 604800000 = number of milliseconds in a week
}

// Example usage
const currentDate = new Date();
console.log(`Week number: ${getWeekNumber(currentDate)}`);

Output:

Week number: 45

You can see the above Typescript code is giving me the week number based on today’s date, check the screenshot below:

get week number from date typescript

Conclusion

Extracting the week number from a date in TypeScript is a straightforward process once you understand the logic behind the ISO 8601 week date system. I hope now you have an idea of how to get the week number from the date in Typescript.

See also  Get month day year from date in Typescript

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